RE-EXAMINATION OF “ANCIENT”FOSSILS DISCOVERED IN THEMIDDLE OF THE 20TH CENTURY.LATE MIDDLE PLEIST
Mis à jour : 27 sept. 2020
Article issu de UISPP JOURNAL (The Journal of the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences) écrit par Amélie VIALET Benoit BERTRAND Clémentine CHAMPALLE José Maria BERMÚDEZ DE CASTRO Mario MODESTO-MATA Maria MARTINÓN- TORRES Marina MARTÍNEZ DE PINILLOS Laura MARTIN-FRANCÈS Thomas COLARD.
The aim of this article was to shed light on the “forgotten” fossils discovered in the prehistoric sites of Montmaurin (Haute-Garonne) in the 1950s: in the cavity of La Niche (one mandible, two thoracic vertebrae, a right tibia) and in Coupe-Gorge Cave (a fragment of a juvenile mandible, a right maxillary with C-P4, three isolated teeth). These human remains date from the end of the Middle Pleistocene and are of particular interest for examining the emergence of the Neandertal lineage. They are contemporaneous with the Neandertal-like fossils from Biache-Saint-Vaast. However, those from Montmaurin present many plesiomorphic characters, in particular on the face (maxillary bone from Coupe-Gorge) and the mandibular bone (mandible from La Niche). If all these hominins are representatives of the Neandertal lineage, we must consider that only dental and cranial characters are in place during IS 7. Alternatively, we could consider that these fossils represent two different groups; one in the Neandertal lineage (Biache) and the other conserving more primitive traits (Montmaurin).